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Bori Wildlife Sanctuary

Bori Wildlife Sanctuary was established in year 1977, Under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.However its biogeographical Province 4.8.4(Indus-Ganges Monsoon Forest). The Sanctuary is located on Southern slopes of the Satpura range, Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh, Moreover the area of Sanctuary is physical features of sanctuary are perennial natural water source in the area. Little, but many swiftly flowing temporary streams and rivulets. The failry big Towa river, near Bunglapura gets dried up during dry months leaving only few stagnant pools of water. A few hills (Sakott hill, Gottu Deo hills) which are the out spurs of Satpura ranges protrude into the area. Their altitude hardly goes above 700m. The undulating forest floor mainly consists of fertile black-cotton soil, mixed with sandy loam. However, in the hills, soil is chiefly composed of sandstones, shales and basaltic rocks. Average rainfall is 1,750mm. Rainy season June-September with maximum rainfall in July and August. Temperature range 8*C-4 0*C. Altitude ranges from 300-1,000m.

Tropical dry deciduous forest with good stands of teak. Around Churna, Dhain and Bori there are vast areas of undisturbed forests. The dominant tree species are Anogeissus latifolia, Tectonia grandis, Terminalia spp., Adina cordifolia, Aegle marmelos, Mitragyna parvifolia, Manikara hexandra, Ficus sp., Lagerstroemia parviflora, Chloroxylum swietenia, Buchanania lanzan, Soymida febrifuga, Cassia fistula, Pongamia pinnata, Dalbergia sissoo, Dispyros melanoxlyon, Syzygium cumin and Grewia tiliaefolia. The best teak forest-tracts are near Bori. The undergrowth vegetation includes shrubs of Helicteres isora, Grewia hirsuta, G. rothii, Celastrus paniculata, Ziziphus spp., Moghania semialata, Mimosa himalayana, M. rubicaulis, Lawsonia inermis, Xeromphis spinosa, X. uliginosa, Carissa congeta, Petalidium barlerioides, Lantana camara, Baliospermum monatanum, Securinega leucopyrus, Homonoia riparia and Boehmeria scabrella. Near Dhain and Bori there are vast forests of Dendrocalamus strictus. Throughout the forests the undergrowth vegetation has been entangled by numerous climbing plants. Epiphytic orchids like Vanda ressellata and Aerides odoratum and parasites such as Dendriphthoe falcata, Scurrula philippensis and Viscum nepalense are quite common on deciduous trees. The fauna of the santuary are Tiger Panthera tigris, leopard P. pardus, Indian wild dog Cuon alpinus, striped hyaena Hyaena hyaena, jackal Canis aureus, jungle cat Felis chaus, Indian fox Vulpes bengalensis, chital Axis axis, sambar Cervus unicolor, muntjac Muntiacus muntjak, chevrotain Tragulus meminna, nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis, chinkara (mountain gazelle) Gazella gazella, gaur Bos gaurus and others.