madhya pradesh Home
» Gwalior Fort » Gujari Mahal » Jain Sculptures » Man Mandir Palace » Teli Ka Mandir Park » Ghaus Mohammed's Tomb

Gwalior Fort

Described as 'the pearl in the necklace of the castles of Hind' by the Mughal Emperor Babur, the Gwalior Fort was mightier than any other fort in the medieval ages.
The mighty Gwalior Fort was built in the 15th century by Raja Mansingh Tomar on a hilltop that overlooks the city. It is build on a hill of sandstone and towers 100 m from the plain. The outer wall of the fort is almost 2 miles in length and the width varies from one kms to 200 meters. The walls of the fort gives way onto the steep slopes. This fort has been a witness to many battles in the turbulent times as well as as festivals in the peace time.

Gujari Mahal

Within the Gwalior Fort are some marvels of medieval architecture.Gujari Mahal one of the best exteriors and utmost care has been taken for its preservation.The palace now has an archeological museum that has a large collection of Hindu and Jain sculptures, archeological pieces from1st and the 2nd century B.C, copies of Bagh cave frescoes and Terracotta items. The statue of Salbhanjika, a marvelous piece in miniature is in the custody of the museum's curator and can be seen on request.


Jain Sculptures

Near the Urwahi Gate, are 21 Jain sculptures that can be traced back to the seventh centurya.d. There is also a lovely statue of Shiva and Parvati, which dates back to the seventh century; and a sculpture of a reclining mother and child, built in the 10th century.
The Jain sculptures in Gwalior can be categorized into five groups. The most important group is the southeastern group, which contains nearly 20 images. The sculpture of the first of the 24 Jain Trithankaras can be found in Image 20, belonging to the Arwahi group. It is a colossal figure of seated Adinatha. The sculpture is different from other sculptures of Trithankaras, as it features the symbol of the bull.Many of the sculptures were either defaced or smashed in the course of history. Later, the faces of the statues were restored.

Man Mandir Palace

Within the gwalior fort, the most important structure is Man Mandir, built by Raja Man Singh, the greatest of the Tomar rulers. This graceful palace was noted by Fergusson as 'the most remarkable and interesting example of early Hindu palaces' . The walls are inlaid with enameled tiles of blue, green and yellow decorated with animal motifs. Two courtyards within, lead into rooms which are richly ornamented with jali-work, cornices, mouldings, geometric and flora patterns in a mosaic of tiles. The palace was once decorated with precious jewels which were removed by plundering Mughals. who later turned the fort into a political prison. The Archaeological Museum housed here, has an excellent collection of carving, images, coins, inscriptions paintings and other antiques, dated as early as the 3rd century BC, till the 13 century AD. 

Teli Ka Mandir

Teli ka mandir probably dates from the 9th century but has been restored. Its peculiar design incorporates a Dravidian roof with Indo-Aryan decorations (the whole temple is covered with sculptures). A Garuda tops the 10m-high doorway .Here princes and princesses came to be betrothed and received education on the aspects of married life. The walls of the temple slope upward and from a ridge from which the roof rises.


Ghaus Mohammed's Tomb

The sandstone mausoleum of the Afghan's prince, Ghaus Mohammed, is also designed on early Mughal lines. Particularly exquisite are the screens which use the pierced stone technique as delicate as lace.It is amazing to see that the tomb of a sufi becomes a famous pilgrimage center of both Muslims and Hindus. The mausoleum of Ghaus Mohammad exhibits typical Mughal architecture, its hexagonal pillars and screens using pierced stone technique are simply marvelous.